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Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA)

A PRRA is an assessment to ensure that people being removed from Canada do not face risk of persecution, torture, risk to life/cruel or unusual treatment. An immigration officer decides whether or not you are not eligible to apply for a PRRA.

If you have applied for refugee status or have previously submitted a PRRA application that was rejected, abandoned or withdrawn, you may not apply for a PRRA unless at least 12 months have passed.

However, certain nationals may not have to wait 12 months to apply for a PRRA, in the case of a sudden change in country conditions. Please check the CIC website for the updated list of countries to which an exemption to the bar on applying for a PRRA applies.

If you come from a designated country, you are not allowed to apply for a PRRA until at least 36 months have passed since your refugee claim or PRRA application.

You may not apply for a PRRA if you:

If you are found to be eligible for a PRRA, you will be given an application form and a guide. You have 15 days to apply. If you receive the form and guide by mail, you will be given an additional 7 days.

During this time, your removal order will be suspended. This suspension stays in place until:

In your PRRA application, you must submit written evidence to show that you face risk in your home country. If you have previously made a refugee claim, the Officer will only assess new evidence that arose after you made your refugee claim or that was not reasonably available at the time you made your refugee claim.

In deciding whether or not to accept your PRRA, the Officer will consider whether you face a risk of persecution, a danger of torture, or risk to your life or risk that you may be subjected to cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.

However applicants who are inadmissible for serious criminality are assessed only with respect to danger of torture and risk to life/risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.

If your PRRA application is accepted, you will be considered a “protected person” and can apply for permanent residence. However, if your application is rejected, you must leave Canada. Rejected applicantscan apply to the Federal Court for a judicial review of the officer’s decision.


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