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If you want to sponsor a family member but your application was refused, you may be wondering what your next steps are.

This blog post will go into detail about what options are available to you and what the process looks like when an application to sponsor a family member has been refused.

How To Sponsor A Family Member When Your Application Has Been Refused

If you wanted to sponsor a family member but your application has been refused, under most conditions you can appeal the decision.

How To Appeal

You have 30 days to appeal the decision. After this, a hearing will be held, which will require the presence of both the individual making the appeal as well as the Minister’s lawyer.

It is important to note that the IAD must adhere to the duty of fairness. As such, all participants will have knowledge of the main issues involved in the case...


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Although you may not qualify for permanent residence in Canada, it’s important to know that you still have options that are available to you.

What To Do If You Don’t Qualify For Canadian Permanent Residence

If you don’t qualify for Canadian permanent residence status, you still have the option to fill out a Humanitarian & Compassionate Grounds Immigration Appeal (H&C). This option allows people to apply for permanent residence in Canada even if they don’t otherwise qualify.

The immigration officer will take a variety of different factors into consideration when it comes to your application. These include:

  • Whether the applicant has family
  • The best interests of the children (if there are any)
  • Any difficulties that the applicant will face in their own country

This appeal is, however, considered to be for exceptional cases. As such, final decisions are made on a case-by-case basis.

It is also important to note that there are certain factors...


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Below you will find information regarding the process to qualify for refugee status in Canada.

In order to qualify for refugee status in Canada, you must currently live outside your home country (or the country that you spend a lot of time) and be unable to return due to the risk involved. For example, you may be at risk for being persecuted whether because of your race, religion, political views, nationality and so on and so forth. The process is as follows:

  1. Make a Refugee Claim

    The first step is to make a refugee claim. The length of time it takes to process your claim depends on the location of where you made your claim and whether your country is a Designated Country of Origin.

    If your claim is eligible, as determined by immigration officers, it will be referred to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. You can submit your claim at The...


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A Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA) is a chance for those who are at risk of having to leave Canada to outline the ways in which they would be put in danger if they were forced to leave. Danger can come in a variety of forms; they could be at risk for being persecuted, they could be at risk for experiencing cruel behaviour or their life could be threatened.

How To Know If You’re Eligible To Apply

An immigration officer is ultimately responsible for determining whether or not you are eligible to apply for a PRRA.

However, you may be eligible to apply for a PRRA if:

  • You Have Not Applied For Refugee Status Or A PRRA That Was Rejected In the Past 12 Months

    In the majority of cases (there are exceptions, as you will see below), if you have applied for refugee status or a PRRA and your application was not accepted for...


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Ever since it was created in 1989, the Immigration and Refugee Board and the refugee determination system that it administers has been a work in progress. Successive governments have tinkered with the system – reducing the number of Board Members hearing individual claims from two to one, designating so called safe countries, expediting straightforward claims and then cancelling the expedited program, etc. In December 2012 the rules of the game changed dramatically again with mandatory time frames requiring new refugee claims to be heard within sixty days. Claims made prior to December 2012 and not yet heard became known as “legacy” claims, as opposed to backlog claims, lest the government be accused of creating a new refugee backlog. The Harper government’s plan was to hear the remaining legacy claims until the legacy/backlog was cleared. However for the last couple of years legacy claims are simply not being scheduled. To date...


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